It refers to a malignant tumour of the stomach.
Gastric cancer may not present with any symptoms in the early stages.
Common symptoms include:
- Indigestion, acid reflux or heartburn lasting more than 2 weeks
- Loss of appetite or weight
- Difficulty in swallowing
- Vomiting for no known reason
- Fatigue and anaemia
- Black, tarry bowel movements
- Abdominal mass
Diagnosis involves taking a medical history, performing a physical examination and conducting tests which may include:
- Barium meal
- CT scan
- Endoscopic ultrasonography
Treatment depends on the location and stage of the disease as well as the patient’s general condition. Surgical treatment ranges from endoscopic resection, laparoscopic resection to open radical resection (subtotal or total gastrectomy).
Chemotherapy and radiotherapy may be necessary as additional treatment.
A comprehensive fact-sheet published in the Singapore Sunday Times on the 8th July 2012