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Cystic tumours of pancreas can be benign, precancerous, or cancerous. They have cysts within the tumour which may contain fluid. The cysts vary in size. These tumours can be found throughout the entire pancreas.

The symptoms of these tumours are size and location dependent. Small tumours (less than 2 cm) may be symptomless and often discovered incidentally from CT scan. Some patients with large tumours may present with abdominal pain or jaundice.

Fortunately, most of the cystic tumors of the pancreas are benign or pre-cancerous. Your doctor will assess the tumour and determine the nature of the tumour, i.e. whether it is benign or precancerous or cancerous. A benign tumour needs no treatment and can be safely left alone and monitored.  

Pancreas surgery is recommended for precancerous or cancerous cystic tumours for patients who are fit for an operation. Surgery offers a high rate of cure for this tumour. If the operation is carried out before the tumour turns into a cancer, parenchymal-preserving techniques like central pancreatectomy and spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy may be possible. In addition, the operation may be performed using laparoscopic or minimally invasive surgery.

 

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